Gates of Ghosts are opened... - Alex's Language and Culture Column #1

đŸ“· / 䞃çˆșć°‡è» (Qi-ye General) and his parade near Xinzhudu Chenghuang Temple in Hsinchu City, Taiwan. It is believed that Qi-ye General and Ba-ye (ć…«çˆș) General are the guardians of the underworld, who help Lord Yanluo (Yama), the god of the underworld, to catch haunting ghosts.

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What's up, Verbling?
This is Alex from Taiwan. ć€§ćź¶ć„œ! (Hello everyone!) 🙌
From today, I am going to share something about Taiwan, Chinese/Taiwanese culture, Mandarin, and some trivia weekly from this August. Feel free to leave a comment if you want to know more!

The topic today is éŹŒé–€ (guǐmĂ©n), the gate of ghosts.

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So, what is "éŹŒé–€", anyway? đŸ‘»

Literally, "éŹŒ" stands for "ghost", and "門" stands for "gate/door". Chinese regard the seventh month of the lunar calendar as the "Ghost Month", and the first day of the month is called "éŹŒé–€é–‹" (guǐmĂ©nkāi), which means "Gates of Ghosts are opened".
â€œéŹŒé–€é–‹" is on 8/11 this year, by the way. On this day, spirits, ghosts, and ancestors come out from the underworld through the gates, and Chinese believe that those spirits and ghosts are free to roam the earth where they can seek food and entertainment until the gates being closed on the last day of the Ghost Month (the last day of the month is called "éŹŒé–€é—œ" (guǐmĂ©nguān)). And this month is called â€œéŹŒæœˆâ€, Ghost Month. It is also believed that the ghosts might haunt living people and even reap their lives to be reincarnated.

So... people are somehow neurotic in that month, and getting caught by ghosts is definitely a bad thing, so they tend to be more cautious in their behaviors. There are 10 common taboos in the Ghost Month followed by Taiwanese, let's take a look! 🔍



10 Taboos followed by Taiwanese

Don't dry clothes in the evening

The shape of clothes looks similar to humans, and hanging clothes may attract ghosts to "wear" them on. There's another saying that ghosts like to wear clothes because the underworld is freezing cold.

Don't travel

Ghosts may follow people and haunt them around.

Don't go swimming (especially wild rivers)

It is believed that "æ°ŽéŹŒ" (Shuǐguǐ), drowned ghosts, will reap people's lives.

Don't whistle in the evening

Simply because it will attract ghosts as well. Actually, whistling in the evening is a common taboo in Taiwan, and doing so in the Ghost Month is even more unacceptable than usual.

Don't buy or move houses

Buying or moving houses are regarded as unlucky things, and it is believed that the ghosts will haunt the new house.

Don't get married

It's quite similar to buying or moving houses during the Ghost Month. It is believed that the bad luck will be brought into the family.

Don't buy vehicles

Even buying vehicles? Yes, it is also believed that cars will be either haunted or cursed by ghosts. Some people even hire Taoist priests or monks, asking them to hold purification rites to avoid bad luck, for real. Usually speaking, the prices of vehicles are lower than other months at this time.

Don't take the last bus/train

The last bus or train is usually at midnight, and it is believed that people are easier to be haunted at that time, and ghosts might follow them all the way.

Don't take pictures in the evening

Well, you may see someone you don't know in the picture.

Don't go to the hospital often

It is believed that there might be ghosts roaming in some places (especially morgues) in hospitals, so, if it's unnecessary, people don't go to the hospital.


Well, after all, these taboos are a kind of superstitions, and some people just act as usual and don't really mind at all. Still, it is said to be careful during this whole month.

Let's learn some new words today!
(Characters are written in both Traditional and Simplified systems)



New Words Today 📘

  • éŹŒé–€ïŒéŹŒé—šă€€guǐmĂ©n: Gates of Ghosts
  • èŸČæ›†ïŒć†œćŽ†ă€€nĂłnglĂŹ: Lunar calendar
  • äžƒæœˆă€€ă€€ă€€ă€€qÄ«yǜe: the seventh month, July (in solar calendar)
  • 穁濌    jĂŹnjĂŹ: taboo
E.g.
èŸČæ›†äžƒæœˆçš„æ™‚ć€™ïŒŒæœ‰ćŸˆć€šçŠćżŒèŠć°ćżƒïŒ
ć†œćŽ†äžƒæœˆçš„æ—¶ć€™ïŒŒæœ‰ćŸˆć€šçŠćżŒèŠć°ćżƒïŒ
NĂłnglĂŹ qÄ«yuĂš de shĂ­hĂČu, yǒu hěn duƍ jĂŹnjĂŹ yĂ o xiǎoxÄ«n!
You should be careful during the seventh month of the lunar calendar!

đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»đŸ‘»

Finally, you may check this video footage in 2017!
This is the Opening ceremony of Gates of Ghosts in Xinzhudu Chenghuang Temple (新ç«čéƒœćŸŽéšć»Ÿ).





That's all for today! Hope you enjoy my first article on Verbling!
See you next week 😄


7. August 2018
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❇ Fluent English and Japanese speaker, avid language learner ❇ Expertise in Mandarin teaching for 5 years ❇ Taught 2000+ lessons ❇ Lessons are fun and easy with cultural insights! Happy learners are successful. I am in business to provide a positive, cheerful and stimulating environment for adults to learn Mandarin, where all learners can enjoy their learning, achieve their goal, and eventually become independent life-long learners. — Hi, this is Alex from Taiwan! Through my experience of learning foreign languages, not only just the language itself but also did I understand that learning culture is also an important subject to immerse, thus I provide various kinds of lessons about Mandarin, including conversation practices, intercultural communication, reading comprehension, even calligraphy, etc. It all depends on what you want to learn, and I will try best to teach! I have taught over 5 years, met 600+ students from 30+ countries. Also, I have experience in private tuto...
Flag
Mandarin
globe
Taiwan
time
2 324
Spricht:
Mandarin
Muttersprachler
,
Englisch
C2
,
Japanisch
C1
,
Kantonesisch
A2
,
Deutsch
A2
,
Koreanisch
A1
,
Portugiesisch (Brasilien)
A1
,
Vietnamesisch
❇ Fluent English and Japanese speaker, avid language learner ❇ Expertise in Mandarin teaching for 5 years ❇ Taught 2000+ lessons ❇ Lessons are fun and easy with cultural insights! Happy learners are successful. I am in business to provide a positive, cheerful and stimulating environment for adults to learn Mandarin, where all learners can enjoy their learning, achieve their goal, and eventually become independent life-long learners. — Hi, this is Alex from Taiwan! Through my experience of learning foreign languages, not only just the language itself but also did I understand that learning culture is also an important subject to immerse, thus I provide various kinds of lessons about Mandarin, including conversation practices, intercultural communication, reading comprehension, even calligraphy, etc. It all depends on what you want to learn, and I will try best to teach! I have taught over 5 years, met 600+ students from 30+ countries. Also, I have experience in private tuto...
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