Is it easy for Turkish people to learn Serbian grammar?

Speaking about grammar, in Serbian language, there are also some suffixes that we put, in order to create some sentences. I am going to give you example for the present tense, past tense and the future tense and I am going to use the regular verbs
Present tense – sadašnje vreme - şimdiki zaman:
Učiti (to learn – ogrenmek) ,
Serbian – sirpca English – ingilizce Turkish - turkce
Ja učim I am learning Ben ogreniyorum
Ti učiš You are learning Sen ogreniyorsun
On,ona,ono uči He,she,it is learning O ogreniyor
Mi učimo We are learning Biz oreniyoruz
Vi, vi učite You are learning Siz ogreniyorsunuz
Oni,one,ona uče They are learning Onlar ogreniyorlar

spavati (uyuymak, to sleep)
Serbian – sirpca English – ingilizce Turkish - turkce
Ja spavam I am sleeping Ben ogreniyorum
Ti spavaš You are sleeping Sen uyuyorsun
On,ona,ono spava He,she,it is sleeping O uyuyor
Mi spavamo We are sleeping Biz oreniyoruz
Vi, vi spavate You are sleeping Siz ogreniyorsunuz
Oni,one,ona spavaju They are sleeping Onlar ogreniyorlar

Future tense – buduće vreme - gelecek zaman
Učiti (to learn – ogrenmek
Serbian – sirpca English – ingilizce Turkish - turkce
učiću I will learn Ben öğreneceğim
učićeš You will learn Sen öğreneceksin
iće He,she,it will learn O öğrenecek
učićemo We will learn Biz öğreneceğiz
učićete You will learn Siz o öğreneceksiniz
iće They will learn Onlar öğrenecekler
spavati (uyuymak, to sleep)
Serbian – sirpca English – ingilizce Turkish - turkce
spavaću I learn sleep Ben uyuyacağım
spavaćeš You sleep Sen uyuyacaksın
spavaće He,she,it will sleep O uyuyacak
spavaćemo We will sleep Biz uyuyacağız
spavaćete You will sleep Siz uyuyacaksıniz
Oni,one,ona spavaće They will sleep Onlar uyuyacaklar
While in the Turkish tense, for the past tense, you would need only the appropriate suffix, in Serbian language it is not enough, you would also need the verb „to be“. Let’s see together how it works:
P.pronoun + Verb to be + Ending
Ja Sam O – masculine singular
Ti Si La – feminine singular
On,ona,ono Je Lo – neutral singular
Mi Smo Li – general plural
Vi, vi Ste Le – feminine plural
Oni,one,ona Su La – neutral plural
Gledati – to watch, izlemek
P.pronoun Verb to be Ending
Ja Sam gledao
Ti Si gledala
On,ona,ono Je gledalo
Mi Smo gledali
Vi, vi Ste gledale
Oni,one,ona Su gledala

Activities:
1. Recognize the tense:
Čekala sam, čekala - I was waiting, I was waiting
čekala sam ga - I was waiting for him
bila je to nedelja - it was a week
sva u suzama - completely in tears

2. Recognize the tense:
Tražio si sve - You asked for everything
sve sam ti dala - I gave you everything
tebi reći NE - saying NO to you
Nikad nisam znala - I have never known how to do it
čitav moj si svet - you are my whole world
za druge neću da znam - I do not want to know anything about others
Zaveo si me - you seduced me
lepo si to znao - you knew how to do it nicely
ljubila sam te - I was kissing you
srce si mi krao - you were stealing my heart

3. Recognize the tense:
Poslaću ti bele ptice - I will send you white birds
pisaću ti razglednice - I will write you postcards
izmisliću lepe reči - I will invent some nice words
lagaću te do besvesti - I will lie to you endlessly

4. Recognize the tense:
Ja rintam, po celu noć i dan - I work like a horse, all day and night
samo tebi da dam, rintam - just to give everything to you, I work like a horse
i druge ne gledam - and I do not look at others
vidiš kako propadam - See, I am failing
Ja rintam, po celu noć i dan - I work like a horse, all day and night
samo tebi da dam, rintam - - just to give everything to you, I work like a horse
a tebi malo je - but it is a little to you?
Šta bi više od mene? - What else would you like from me?

Answer key:
1. Past tense
2. Past tense
3. Future tense
4. Present tense

If you have any suggestion or question, do not hesitate to ask me. I will be glad to hear from you.




23. Mai 2019
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Suzana Anđelković

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Spanisch
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Türkisch
C1
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Arabisch
Hello, my name is Suzana. I'm from Serbia. I'm 33 years old. Firstly, I’m a professional language teacher. I’ve been working on Italki as a professional teacher for 1 year and six months (and I’ve been also working as an informal tutor for two years). Secondly, I’ve been working as a Serbian language expert for three years and three months: I created Serbian lessons and taught foreign people my native language. Third, I’ve been a translator for one year and six months: I translated English and Spanish lessons to Serbian. Also, I translated the synopses of the movies from English to Serbian. Finally, I'm a language expert who speaks many languages. I correct English, Spanish and Italian exercises, and I explain all grammar rules so that they can be understood by other people. My lessons are very creative, interesting and fun. I am going to teach you how to read, speak and write step by step. When you finish my Serbian classes, you're going to be ready to speak in Serbian without any...
Flag
Serbisch
globe
Serbien
time
469
Spricht:
Bosnisch
Muttersprachler
,
Kroatisch
Muttersprachler
,
Serbisch
Muttersprachler
,
Italienisch
C2
,
Russisch
C2
,
Englisch
C2
,
Spanisch
C2
,
Türkisch
C1
,
Portugiesisch
B2
,
Slowakisch
B2
,
Deutsch
A2
,
Mandarin
A2
,
Französisch
A1
,
Esperanto
A1
,
Arabisch
Hello, my name is Suzana. I'm from Serbia. I'm 33 years old. Firstly, I’m a professional language teacher. I’ve been working on Italki as a professional teacher for 1 year and six months (and I’ve been also working as an informal tutor for two years). Secondly, I’ve been working as a Serbian language expert for three years and three months: I created Serbian lessons and taught foreign people my native language. Third, I’ve been a translator for one year and six months: I translated English and Spanish lessons to Serbian. Also, I translated the synopses of the movies from English to Serbian. Finally, I'm a language expert who speaks many languages. I correct English, Spanish and Italian exercises, and I explain all grammar rules so that they can be understood by other people. My lessons are very creative, interesting and fun. I am going to teach you how to read, speak and write step by step. When you finish my Serbian classes, you're going to be ready to speak in Serbian without any...
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