What are the differences between"可以kěyǐ,会huì,能néng“?

‘会’(huì),‘能’(néng), ‘可以’(kěyǐ) all mean ‘can,’ but what exactly the differences between them, why sometimes I see someone use“可以kěyǐ” when other people use“能néng”?
I hope this article will help you to master them. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me on Verbling( https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu ), one of the best platform for learning languages.^^
Note: This grammar summary is for all levels.

会huì:


1.Know how to(Emphasizes skills acquired through learning.)
E. g.:我会说汉语wǒ huì shuō hàn yǔ
--I can speak Chinese。 2.Likely to Happen(emphasize the subjective possibility)
E.g., 我喝咖啡会睡不着Wǒ hē kāfēi huì shuì bùzháo。
--I can't sleep when I drink coffee.
E.g.:我觉得明天会下雨wǒ jué dé mínɡ tiān huì xià yǔ。
--I suppose it will rain tomorrow.

能nénɡ :


1. Indicating an ability.
(1)Inborn ability doesn’t need to learn.
E.g:我有眼睛,所以我能看wǒ yǒu yǎnjīng, suǒyǐ wǒ néng kàn。
--I have eyes, so I can see.
(2) the ability is up to a level or Achieves a specific efficiency.
E.g:她一分钟能打70个字tā yì fēn zhōnɡ nénɡ dǎ 70 ɡè zì 。
--She can type 70 words a minute.
(3).lost some ability for the moment, because of some reasons or recover the ability.(not able to )
E.g., 他好多了,能下床了tā hǎo duō le , nénɡ xià chuánɡ le.
--He's much better and can get up now.
2. Emphasize the objective possibility, usually used before a verb.
E.g:我今天有事,不能去你家wǒ jīn tiān yǒu shì , bù nénɡ qù nǐ jiā。
--I have something to do today and can't go to your house。
E.g., 他认识很多人,他能帮你tā rènshi hěn duō rén, tā néng bāng nǐ
--He knows a lot of people, he can help you.
3.“能nénɡ....吗ma?”=“能不能nénɡ bu nénɡ” is often used to indicate a request or hope for
permission(here is equal to one of the meanings of“可以ké yǐ,” please check the end of the article).
E.g:我能坐这里吗?wǒ nénɡ zuò zhè lǐ mɑ ?
=我能不能坐这里?wǒ nénɡ bu nénɡ zuò zhè lǐ ?
--Can I sit here?
Note: The definite answer we usually use:可以ké yǐ ,Negative answer is:不能bù nénɡ.

可以ké yǐ :


1.“May” or to be allowed to (have been granted permission)
E.g:我可以进去吗?wǒ ké yǐ jìn qù mɑ ?
--May I come in?
E.g:妈妈,我可以吃糖果吗?mā mɑ , wǒ ké yǐ chī tánɡ ɡuǒ mɑ ?
--Mom,Can I eat candy?
E.g:我可以坐这里吗?wǒ ké yǐ zuò zhè lǐ mɑ ?
=我可不可以坐这里?wǒ kě bu ké yǐ zuò zhè lǐ ?
--May I sit here?
2. advise
E.g., 如果你有问题,你可以问你的老师rúguǒ nǐ yǒu wèntí, nǐ kěyǐ wèn nǐ de lǎoshi.
--If you have questions, you can ask your teacher.
E.g., 现在不下雨了,我们可以出去玩了。Xiànzài bùxià yǔle, wǒmen kěyǐ chūqù wánle.
--It's not raining now, we can go out and play.
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可以 & (kěyǐ/néng)


1.ask for possibility or permission – 可以kěyǐ/能néng
E.g: 我 可以/能 用你的书吗?wǒ kěyǐ/néng yòng nǐ de shū ma?
---May I use your book?
E·g: 我 可以/能 进来吗?wǒ kěyǐ/néng jìnlái ma?
--May I come in?
E·g: 你 可以/能 帮我吗?nǐ kěyǐ/néng bāng wǒ ma?
--Can you help me?
2. prohibition – 不能bùnéng/ 不可以bùkěyǐ
E·g: 你 不能/不可以 这样做nǐ bùnéng/bù kěyǐ zhèyàng zuò.
--You can’t do like that. (forbidden)
E·g: 你 不能/不可以 在这抽烟nǐ bùnéng/bù kěyǐ zài zhè chōuyān.
--You can’t smoke here.
Tips: ‘ 不可以’(bùkěyǐ) is only used to express prohibition. ‘不能’(bùnéng) is used to express impossibility because of some reasons.

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以上内容为Rosa(Danxia)Lu https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu 编辑整理,如需转载请注明出处!(For reprint, please indicate the source)

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Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! I'm Rosa, from China and been living in Brazil for about 6 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概六年并在这里教授中文课程。 Sou Rosa, da China e moro no Brasil há cerca de 6 anos, onde dou cursos de chinês atualmente. ➡️I speak fluent English, daily life Portuguese, and a little Japanese. So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language. and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take fewer detours. Falo inglês fluente, português do dia a dia e um pouco de japonês. Então eu entendo o seu sentimento e as dificuldades quando você começa a aprender um novo idioma. e ganhei muita experiência ao longo do caminho, o que o ajudará a fazer menos desvios. ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I have about 4 years of teaching experience, and I'm about to graduate from a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language ...
Flag
Cinese Mandarino
globe
Cina
time
316
Parla:
Cantonese
Madrelingua
,
Cinese Mandarino
Madrelingua
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Inglese
C1
,
Portoghese
B1
,
Spagnolo
A1
,
Giapponese
Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! I'm Rosa, from China and been living in Brazil for about 6 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概六年并在这里教授中文课程。 Sou Rosa, da China e moro no Brasil há cerca de 6 anos, onde dou cursos de chinês atualmente. ➡️I speak fluent English, daily life Portuguese, and a little Japanese. So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language. and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take fewer detours. Falo inglês fluente, português do dia a dia e um pouco de japonês. Então eu entendo o seu sentimento e as dificuldades quando você começa a aprender um novo idioma. e ganhei muita experiência ao longo do caminho, o que o ajudará a fazer menos desvios. ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I have about 4 years of teaching experience, and I'm about to graduate from a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language ...
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