An Introduction To 10 Classic French Pastries ๐Ÿฐ

๐Ÿ”Š For pronunciation, click on the French word you would like to hear and it will lead you to a website where you can find several recordings of the word ๐Ÿ”Š

With boulangeries (bakeries) on every French street corner, filled with an abundance of delicious treats, it can be really interesting for any French-learner with a sweet tooth to dive into the rabbit-hole of French pastries!

You might have already heard about them or even tried them, but do you know what they are called in French? Or how they are pronounced by French native speakers? This is what we are going to learn in this article along with some other related vocabulary.

But first, what is the word for "pastry" in French?
It can actually be translated in two different ways: les viennoiseries and les pรขtisseries. Those two words refer to two different things.
Les viennoiseries are flaky pastries, similar to bread but sweet, and are usually enjoyed for breakfast. They are called viennoiseries because this pastry style originate from Vienna, Austria, and the most iconic example, is le croissant.
Les pรขtisseries are better described as petits gรขteaux (little cakes).

I. Les viennoiseries
  • Le pain au chocolat or la chocolatine
Probably just as well-known as le croissant. But a lesser known fact about this pastry : in France, it can be called le pain au chocolat or la chocolatine (yes, the gender is different depending on which name you use ๐Ÿ˜‚). The name chocolatine is used in the south of France, whereas pain au chocolat is mainly used in the north.

  • Le pain aux raisins
Spirale-shaped pastry filled with raisins secs (raisins) and crรจme patissiรจre (pastry cream).







  • Le chausson aux pommes
Pastry filled with compote de pommes (apple purรฉe), usually served warm.







  • Le pain viennois au chocolat
Long-shaped brioche with pรฉpites de chocolat (chocolate chips). Also known as la viennoise au chocolat or even la baguette viennoise.







II. Les pรขtisseries
  • La tarte Tatin
La tarte means "pie" and Tatin is the name of the person who supposedly invited this dessert.
Also known as "upside-down apple pie": the apples are placed at the bottom of the pan and cooked with the pie crust on top, then the whole pie is flipped when served.



  • La tartelette
The word tartelette comes from the word la tarte (pie) and basically means "little pie". Most common variations are:
- la tartelette aux fraises (strawberry)
- la tartelette aux framboises (raspberry)
- la tartelette aux myrtilles (blueberry)

  • L'รฉclair
Long-shaped pรขte ร  choux (puff pastry) filled with crรจme patissiรจre (pastry cream).
Most common variations are:
- l'รฉclair au cafรฉ (coffee)
- l'รฉclair au chocolat
- l'รฉclair au caramel



  • Le Paris-Brest

Donut-shaped pรขte ร  choux sliced in half and filled with crรจme pralinรฉe (praline cream).








  • Le Millefeuille
Layers of razor-thin pรขte ร  choux with crรจme patissiรจre, topped with glaรงage (icing)








  • La religieuse
Made out of two choux (puffs), filled with crรจme patissiรจre and topped with glaรงage (icing). Most common variations are:
- la religieuse au chocolat
- la religieuse au cafรฉ









So here you go everyone: a little introduction to French pastries! I don't know about you, but while writing this article, it was really hard for me not to rush to the first bakery and get my hands on a little chausson aux pommes or tarte Tatin (my favortites โค๏ธ ).
What about you guys: did you know any of these? Did you know how they were pronounced in French?
Let me know in the comment section about your thoughts on this article and even other subjects you would find interesting!
A bientรดt ๐Ÿ˜„


November 21, 2019
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Odile Tezel

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I am a freelance online French teacher. I have taught French in various settings : universities, private schools, at home, etc. And I have now been teaching French online for more than two years. As a result, I have an extensive experience in teaching French to adult students from all around the world and all levels. I have a Master Degree in Applied Foreign Languages and, being a language student myself, I understand how hard it can be to learn a foreign language. My classes are tailored to fit my students expectations and make sure to cater to their specific needs. Before starting to teach a student, I always make sure to understand their long-term goal, in order to provide a customized lesson plan. I always make sure to diversify the class materials that I use, mixing articles, videos and audio recordings for the student to have a more engaging and effective learning experience. Ever since I started teaching online, my teaching method has proven to be very effective. I have taugh...
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๋‚˜์˜ ์–ธ์–ด:
ํ”„๋ž‘์Šค์–ด
์›์–ด๋ฏผ
,
์˜์–ด
C2
,
์ค‘๊ตญ์–ด
B1
,
์ŠคํŽ˜์ธ์–ด
A2
,
๋ง๋ ˆ์ด์–ด (Malay)
A1
,
ํฌ๋ฉ”๋ฅด์–ด (Khmer)
A1
I am a freelance online French teacher. I have taught French in various settings : universities, private schools, at home, etc. And I have now been teaching French online for more than two years. As a result, I have an extensive experience in teaching French to adult students from all around the world and all levels. I have a Master Degree in Applied Foreign Languages and, being a language student myself, I understand how hard it can be to learn a foreign language. My classes are tailored to fit my students expectations and make sure to cater to their specific needs. Before starting to teach a student, I always make sure to understand their long-term goal, in order to provide a customized lesson plan. I always make sure to diversify the class materials that I use, mixing articles, videos and audio recordings for the student to have a more engaging and effective learning experience. Ever since I started teaching online, my teaching method has proven to be very effective. I have taugh...
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