It’s impossible to know everything, but it’s important to know what you need. Russian verb “знать”

When you learn a foreign language, it’s of big importance to get familiar with verbs and be able to operate them well. Today let’s just dwell on the Russian verb “знать” - “know”, which we use a lot in our every day life.

Let’s conjugate it, first of all:

Present Tense

я зна́ю I know
ты зна́ешь you know
он/она/оно зна́ет he/she/it knows
мы зна́ем we know
вы зна́ете you know
они зна́ют they know

Future Tense

я буду знать I’ll know
ты будешь знать you’ll know
он/она/оно будет знать he/she/it’ll know
мы будем знать we’ll know
вы будете знать you’ll know
они будут знать they’ll know

Past Tense
я (он) знaл I knew
я (она) зна́ла I knew
ты (он) знал you knew
ты (она) зна́ла you knew
он знал he knew
она зна́ла she knew
оно зна́ло it knew
мы зна́ли we knew
вы зна́ли you knew
они зна́ли they knew

To use this verb in the conjunctive mood, you just need to use the past tense form together with the particle “бы”. For example, “знал бы”, “знала бы”,“знали бы”.

Знал бы, где упасть, так соломки бы подстелил.
Danger foreseen is half avoided.

The verb in the imperative mood, “знай” is addressed to one person, and “знайте” is addressed to two or more people.

Next, let’s just make some collocations with this word, which you can learn as a whole unit and use it easily in your every day life.

Полезно знать... It´s useful to know…
Важно знать... It’s important to know…
Интересно знать... It’s interesting to know…
Желательно знать... It’s desirable to know...
Неинтересно знать... It isn’t interesting to know…
Нужно знать... It’s necessary to know…
Необходимо знать... It’s necessary to know…
Любопытно знать... it’s curious to know…
Незачем знать… No need to know…
Знать наизусть Know by heart
Знать заранее Know in advance
Прекрасно знать Know well

With these collocations you can easily create sentence you wish to say. Let’s do just a few examples.

Мне неинтересно знать, что говорят обо мне другие.
It’s not interested for me to know what others say about me.

Мне важно знать, что я сам о себе думаю.
It’s important for me to know what I think about myself.
Невозможно знать заранее всего, что может случиться.
It is impossible to know in advance everything that can happen.

Поэтому можно просто наслаждаться жизнью здесь и сейчас.
Therefore, it’s possible to enjoy life here and now.

And let me share some phases and idioms with this verb in Russian.
If you know something very well, by heart, you can say “Я знаю это назубок”.
If you act appropriately according to your position, you can say about yourself “Я знаю своё место”
“Знать цену” is to appreciate properly someone or something.
“Как знаешь” or “как знаете” can be used as “it’s up to you”.
Много будешь знать, скоро состаришься” is said ironically to kids, who want to know everything.
So, I strongly believe that it is highly important to practice more than studying if you learn a foreign language.Just make it a part of your every day life and enjoy the process!!!

#russianforeveryone #russian #easyrussian
2018년 12월 10일
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Irina Khlynova

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Hi everyone! Привет всем! Ciao a tutti! ¡Hola a todos! Welcome everyone to my page :-) I am a native Russian speaker living in the US and who has been learning foreign languages for years and would never stop doing so and who is also willing to help others to learn languages. I graduated from the Kazakh University of World Languages and International Relations in the beautiful Almaty, Kazakhstan. My major was translation studies, but I would say I am more a teacher than I am a translator. This is simply a passion to me. I speak Russian, English, Italian, and some Spanish. And my German is totally forgotten somewhere:-) as you might know this simple truth about languages "use it or lose it". :-) We are all different and we learn foreign languages our own way. Some would prefer listening, others reading, the thirds being actively involved in the speaking activities. And there's no wrong way as long as we practice the language we like. We could do this journey on our own or with the...
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러시아어
globe
미국
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나의 언어:
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C1
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Hi everyone! Привет всем! Ciao a tutti! ¡Hola a todos! Welcome everyone to my page :-) I am a native Russian speaker living in the US and who has been learning foreign languages for years and would never stop doing so and who is also willing to help others to learn languages. I graduated from the Kazakh University of World Languages and International Relations in the beautiful Almaty, Kazakhstan. My major was translation studies, but I would say I am more a teacher than I am a translator. This is simply a passion to me. I speak Russian, English, Italian, and some Spanish. And my German is totally forgotten somewhere:-) as you might know this simple truth about languages "use it or lose it". :-) We are all different and we learn foreign languages our own way. Some would prefer listening, others reading, the thirds being actively involved in the speaking activities. And there's no wrong way as long as we practice the language we like. We could do this journey on our own or with the...
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