SER O ESTAR? THAT´S THE QUESTION

¿SER O ESTAR?
One of the most difficult things for my students is to difference the Spanish verbs: SER and ESTAR, as both are translated as TO BE in English.

Some books give some explanation about the temporary criteria, but it doesn´t fit in every case, so, in the end, the students are much more confused as in the beginning.
The first thing that you have to do as a student is to learn the form of the verb.

Once you have memorize it, it is the moment to start to use it. But ¿When I have to use SER and when I have to study ESTAR?

Ok, forget about the temporary criteria, here I´m going to explain the definitive criteria that you have to use:
SER- It is used when we are talking about a CHARACTERISTIC of a thing or person.
ESTAR- It is used when is something CIRCUNSTANCIAL.

For instance, if we want to express that someone is a bad person we would say “Él es malo”, however, if we want to express that he is sick we would say “Él está enfermo”. As we see in the first case we are talking about a personal characteristic, but in the second one we are talking about something circumstantial.

PRACTICA CON EL VERBO SER Y ESTAR.
1. No hay nada en la tele hoy, yo__________ aburrido.
2. No me gustan nada los monumentos,___________aburridos.
3. Mi hermano ___________ malo hoy. Le duele la cabeza.
4. Roberto ____________ un chico malo, siempre tiene problemas.
5. Mi hermana estudia mucho, ____________muy lista.
6. Son las dos, ¿ vosotros ___________ listos?
7. ¿Qué tal? ¿ _______bien?
8. _________un buen libro.
9. La manzana ____________ de color de verde.
10. No me puedo comer la manzana porque_________ muy verde.
11. ¿Vosotros_________ muy morenos? ¿Habéis visitado España?
12. Mi amiga_________ morena, tiene el pelo negro.
13. Tenemos un trabajo muy bueno, __________bastante ricos.
14. ¡Qué dulces tan buenos! ricos.

EL SIGUIENTE ARTÍCULO

En el siguiente artículo vamos a estudiar los ARTÍCULOS CON DOBLE SIGNIFICADO, ¿por qué? Pues porque hay algunos adjetivos que modifican su significado dependiendo de que estemos hablando de SER o ESTAR. ¿Algún ejemplo? LISTO, ABIERTO o NEGRO.
OS ESPERO EN EL SIGUIENTE ARTÍCULO!!
2019년 10월 3일
Profile Picture
$20
USD/시간

CARLOTA CASAUS DÍAZ

security_checked
$20
USD/시간
Flag
스페인어
globe
미국
time
NEW
나의 언어:
스페인어
원어민
,
영어
C1
,
포르투갈어
A2
,
프랑스어
A1
Hi!, My name is Carlota. I´m Spanish but now I´m living in Chicago. I studied Law and Economics and I worked in the public sector in my country, but when I moved to Chicago I got a certification as a Spanish teacher by the Cervant Institute. I have a deep knowledge about legal, entrepreneurial and economic language. That is the reason why I decided to specialize in SPANISH FOR PROFESSIONALS. I also speak English, so if you don´t know any Spanish don´t be worried at all, we can communicate with each other in English. I´m waiting to meet you soon in class
Flag
스페인어
globe
미국
time
NEW
나의 언어:
스페인어
원어민
,
영어
C1
,
포르투갈어
A2
,
프랑스어
A1
Hi!, My name is Carlota. I´m Spanish but now I´m living in Chicago. I studied Law and Economics and I worked in the public sector in my country, but when I moved to Chicago I got a certification as a Spanish teacher by the Cervant Institute. I have a deep knowledge about legal, entrepreneurial and economic language. That is the reason why I decided to specialize in SPANISH FOR PROFESSIONALS. I also speak English, so if you don´t know any Spanish don´t be worried at all, we can communicate with each other in English. I´m waiting to meet you soon in class
Mi vida antes del Covid- 19 (IMPERFECTO) A-2
Profile Picture
Alejandra Santiago
2020년 8월 7일
팔랑귀
Profile Picture
Abby H
2020년 8월 7일
The Origins of popular English Idioms
Profile Picture
Jen Mc Monagle
2020년 8월 7일