HSK 5 Vocabulary / 勿 [wù]

The meaning of 勿[wù]:
勿 – means “do not” or “don't” and is similar to 不要.

The 请勿[qǐnɡwù] structure:
勿 is often used together with 请 to form a fixed structure: 请勿 + verb / verb phrase. This fixed structure is used to courteously inform or advise others to refrain from doing a certain action (i.e. the action indicated by the verb / verb phrase in the fixed structure). In daily life, we often see this fixed structure used on signs.

The examples of 请勿[qǐnɡwù] structure:
请勿 + verb / verb phrase (请勿 as the adverbial in the sentences):
1. 请勿吸烟!
Qǐngwù xīyān!
No smoking, please!
Example:
温馨提示:为了您的健康,请勿吸烟!
Wēnxīn tíshì: Wèile nínde jiànkānɡ, qǐnɡwù xīyān!
Friendly reminder: For your health, please do not smoke!

2. 请勿打扰!
Qǐngwù dǎrǎo!
Please do not disturb!
Examples:
1)工作时间,请勿打扰!
Gōngzuò shíjiān, qǐngwù dǎrǎo!
At work - please do not disturb!
2) 会议中,请勿打扰!
Huìyì zhōnɡ, qǐnɡwù dǎrǎo!
Meeting in progress - please do not disturb!

3. 请勿入内!
Qǐngwù rùnèi!
Please keep out!
Examples:
1)非工作人员,请勿入内!
Fēi gōngzuò rényuán, qǐngwù rùnèi!
Staff only! (Note: This is how it is commonly expressed in China. In Western countries, you might see a sign saying "No admittance - employees only")
2) 温馨提示:请勿带宠物入内!
Wēnxīn tíshì: Qǐnɡwù dài chǒnɡwù rùnèi!
Friendly reminder: No pets allowed!

4. 请勿拍照!
Qǐnɡwù pāizhào!
No photos, please!
Examples:
欢迎参观,请勿拍照!
Huānyínɡ cānɡuān, qǐnɡwù pāizhào!
We welcome your visit, but please do not take any photos!

. 请勿乱扔垃圾!
Qǐnɡwù luànrēnɡ lājī!
Please don't litter!
Example:
温馨提示:请勿随地吐痰,请勿乱扔垃圾!
Wēnxīn tíshì: Qǐnɡwù suídì tǔtán, qǐnɡwù luànrēnɡ lājī!
Friendly reminder: No littering or spitting please!

6. 请勿大声喧哗!
Qǐnɡwù dàshēnɡ xuānhuá!
Please keep quiet!
Example:
工作时间,请勿大声喧哗!
Gōnɡzuò shíjiān, qǐnɡwù dàshēnɡ xuānhuá!
Please keep quiet during working hours!

7. 请勿触摸!
Qǐnɡwù chùmō!
Please don't touch!
Example:
危险,请勿触摸!
Wēixiǎn, qǐnɡwù chùmō!
Danger, please do not touch!


Notes:
1. The difference between 勿 and 不要:
Both 勿 and 不要 mean “do not”. However, 勿 imparts a greater emphasis on refraining from the action referred to, has a slightly more serious tone and it is commonly used in written Chinese. On the other hand, 不要 does not have such a strong emphasis, has a more relaxed tone and is commonly used in daily oral conversation.

2. The difference between 勿 and 禁止:
禁止 is an HSK 4 level word and it means “to prohibit, forbid or ban”. Therefore, like 勿, its meaning can also loosely be interpreted as “don’t”. However, 勿 is more like a strong request or cautionary advice while 禁止 can be regarded as a type of order (i.e. as in ordering someone to refrain from doing something). In addition, 禁止 often refers an order that is based on a legal requirement or strict formal policy. It implies that this is a strict requirement that generally everyone must comply with.
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✅✅Why Joanna is so different: ✊100% commitment to your progress -- focus on your pronunciation, grammar, word usage, conversation and writing skills. ✊Helped 100 students pass HSK exams. ✊Patient, organized, skilled, efficient, relaxed, prepared. ✊Native Chinese speaker(Speaking Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka). ✊a certified Chinese teacher -- "Chinese High School Mandarin Teacher Certification" & "Mandarin Level certification" . ✊Bachelor’s degree in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language. ✊Teaching SIMPLIFIED CHINESE - the most popular - using the Pinyin system (the Alphabet). ✊5 years of teaching experience with more than 5000 teaching hours. ✊10 years of working experience in HR and marketing. 🌺🌺Course Advantages: *I will be providing great and continuous guidance, including how to self-study and learn with me, and how to develop good habits. *I have special approaches for your language problems that will make it easier for you to speak Chinese fluently. *Every student has got a...
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✅✅Why Joanna is so different: ✊100% commitment to your progress -- focus on your pronunciation, grammar, word usage, conversation and writing skills. ✊Helped 100 students pass HSK exams. ✊Patient, organized, skilled, efficient, relaxed, prepared. ✊Native Chinese speaker(Speaking Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka). ✊a certified Chinese teacher -- "Chinese High School Mandarin Teacher Certification" & "Mandarin Level certification" . ✊Bachelor’s degree in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language. ✊Teaching SIMPLIFIED CHINESE - the most popular - using the Pinyin system (the Alphabet). ✊5 years of teaching experience with more than 5000 teaching hours. ✊10 years of working experience in HR and marketing. 🌺🌺Course Advantages: *I will be providing great and continuous guidance, including how to self-study and learn with me, and how to develop good habits. *I have special approaches for your language problems that will make it easier for you to speak Chinese fluently. *Every student has got a...
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