Spanish's Arab Connection

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Abdul AlyEnglish
January 12, 2019
11
2 minutes
Spanish's Arab Connection

The introduction of Arabic words into Spanish began in earnest in the eighth century, although even before then some words of Latin and Greek origin had roots in Arabic. People living in what is now Spain spoke Latin at one time, of course, but over the centuries Spanish and other Romance languages such as French and Italian gradually differentiated themselves. The Latin dialect that eventually became Spanish was highly influenced by the invasion of the Arabic-speaking Moors in 711. For many centuries, Latin/Spanish and Arabic existed side by side, and even today many Spanish place names retain Arabic roots. It wasn't until late in the 15th century that the Moors were expelled, and by then literally thousands of Arabic words had become part of Spanish.
Here, we can find some of the most common Arabic-origin Spanish words. Many of the words also are a part of English. Although it is believed that the English words "alfalfa" and "alcove," which originally were Arabic, entered English by way of Spanish (alfalfa and alcoba), most Arabic words in English probably entered English by other routes.
Keep in mind also that Arabic has changed substantially since the 15th century. Arabic words from then aren't necessarily in use today, or they may have changed meaning.

aceite — oil aceituna — olive adobe — adobe aduana — customs (as at a border) ajedrez — chess Alá — Allah alacrán — scorpion albacora — albacore albahaca — basil alberca — tank, swimming pool alcalde — mayor álcali — alkali alcatraz — pelican alcázar — fortress, palace alcoba — bedroom, alcove alcohol — alcohol alfil — bishop (in chess) alfombra — carpet algarroba — carob algodón — cotton algoritmo — algorithm almacén — storage almanaque — almanac almirante — admiral almohada — pillow alquiler — rent alquimia — alchemy amalgama — amalgam añil — indigo arroba — @ symbol arroz — rice asesino — assassin atún — tuna ayatolá — ayatollah azafrán — saffron azar — chance azúcar — sugar azul — blue (same source as English "azure") balde — bucket barrio — district berenjena — eggplant burca — burqa café — coffee cero — zero chivo — billy goat cifra — cifra Corán — Koran cuscús — couscous dado — die (singular of "dice") espinaca — spinach fez — fez fulano — what's-his-name gacela — gazelle guitarra — guitar hachís — hashish harén — harem hasta — until imán — imam islam — Islam jaque — check (in chess) jaque mate — checkmate jirafa — giraffe laca — lacquer lila — lilac lima — lime limón — lemon loco — crazy macabro — macabre marfil — marble, ivory masacre — massacre masaje — massage máscara — mask mazapán — marzipan mezquita — mosque momia — mummy mono — monkey muslim — muslim naranja — orange ojalá — I hope, God willing olé — bravo paraíso — paradise ramadán — Ramadan rehén — hostage rincón — corner, nook sandía — watermelon sofá — sofa sorbete — sherbet rubio — blond talco — talc tamarindo — tamarind tarea — task tarifa — tariff tártaro — tartar taza — cup toronja — grapefruit zafra — harvest zanahoria — carrot zumo — juice
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Arabic
globe
United States
time
New!
English
C2
,
Spanish
B2
,
Italian
A2
,
Greek
A2
,
Hebrew
A1
Hello there, I am Abdul, the Arabic Facilitator. I have been teaching Arabic as a second language, proper reading and reciting the Holy Quran and ESL for a few years now. I teach modern standard Arabic, and colloquial of many countries, including but not limited to Saudi, Egyptian, and Lebanese. I enjoy teaching and transmitting my ideas to others. I teach all levels and ages. I also teach the proper reading of the holy Quran with its English and spanish translation. You will enjoy your learning experience with me. I use few book series in my Arabic program; 1- Alkitab 1, 2, and 3 which are used all over America, Australia, and Europe. 2- Medina 1, 2, and 3, which are used in California and many other institutes 3- Alkitab Alasasi which is used in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and many institutes 4- whatever book you would like to use I teach online using Skype, Yahoo, or virtual classrooms. I provide books, files, and 24 hours email support for free. I have weekly, monthly, and long-term package rates. Your first lesson is always free just to try me. For more information please email back
Flag
Arabic
globe
United States
time
New!
English
C2
,
Spanish
B2
,
Italian
A2
,
Greek
A2
,
Hebrew
A1
Hello there, I am Abdul, the Arabic Facilitator. I have been teaching Arabic as a second language, proper reading and reciting the Holy Quran and ESL for a few years now. I teach modern standard Arabic, and colloquial of many countries, including but not limited to Saudi, Egyptian, and Lebanese. I enjoy teaching and transmitting my ideas to others. I teach all levels and ages. I also teach the proper reading of the holy Quran with its English and spanish translation. You will enjoy your learning experience with me. I use few book series in my Arabic program; 1- Alkitab 1, 2, and 3 which are used all over America, Australia, and Europe. 2- Medina 1, 2, and 3, which are used in California and many other institutes 3- Alkitab Alasasi which is used in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and many institutes 4- whatever book you would like to use I teach online using Skype, Yahoo, or virtual classrooms. I provide books, files, and 24 hours email support for free. I have weekly, monthly, and long-term package rates. Your first lesson is always free just to try me. For more information please email back

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