Tips to Master Gerunds and Infinitives 1


For the next couple of weeks, we're going to learn when to use the infinitive and when to use the gerund. Let's get started!


"In school we learn that mistakes are bad, and we are punished for making them. Yet, if you look at the way humans are designed to learn, we learn by making mistakes. We learn to walk by falling down. If we never fell down, we would never walk." ― Robert T. Kiyosaki


We use the gerund after prepositions.

Let’s look at the quote I shared at the beginning of this post:

  • “...we are punished for making them”
  • “...we are punished for make them”
  • “.. we learn by making mistakes”
  • “.. we learn by make mistakes”
This is a rule. After prepositions and conjunctions such as, 'for, without, at, after, of, etc.' and in some cases 'to', we normally use the gerund. Here are some examples,

  • “Thank you for being here.”
  • “They left without saying goodbye.”
  • “She’s good at learning new things.”
  • “I felt so much better after talking to them.”
  • “He’s not scared of moving to a new country.”
  • “I’m used to swimming in cold water.”
  • “We’re looking forward to going to the concert.”


We use the gerund after the verbs avoid, discuss and enjoy.

Memorizing a big list of verbs and the correct form that comes after them isn’t a very effective method. Instead, you can learn a few verbs at a time and practice making sentences with them until the selection comes naturally to you.

We use the gerund after the following verbs:

1. avoid + gerund
  • "I crossed the street to avoid meeting him."
  • "You can’t avoid making mistakes when you’re learning something new."
  • "I try to avoid driving in cities during rush hour."
2. discuss + gerund
  • "We discussed going on holiday together."
  • "They’ve discussed moving to a smaller house."
  • "They need to discuss finding better ways to promote the business."

Remember! We never use 'about' after 'discuss':

"We discussed going on holiday together."
"We discussed about going on holiday together."
"They’ve discussed moving to a smaller house."
"They’ve discussed about moving to a smaller house."

3. enjoy + gerund
  • "They really enjoyed talking to you."
  • "We don’t enjoy waking up early."
  • "Do you enjoy reading poetry?"


We use the infinitive after want, agree, and decide.

1. want + infinitive
  • "They want to go to California next year."
  • "They want go to California next year."
  • "She doesn’t want to stay here."
  • "She doesn’t want stay here."
  • "Do you want to watch a movie?"
  • "Do you want watch a movie?"
2. agree + infinitive
  • "We agreed to find a better way to communicate."
  • "She agreed to take a different route this time."
  • "They agreed to extend my visa here."
Remember! We don't need to use the verb 'to be' with 'agree':
  • I am agree..
  • I agree.
  • She is agree..
  • She agrees.
3. decide + infinitive
  • "Why did you decide to look for a new job?"
  • "What did you decide to do?"
  • "More women are deciding to not have children."
Be Careful! We never use 'to + don’t':
  • "More women are deciding to don’t have children."
  • "More women are deciding to not have children."
Join me again next week! I'll share some more tips on how to master gerunds and infinitives.
August 23, 2018
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Sama Alkhalili

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Become a more confident, fluent and natural English speaker! If you feel stuck in English, book your lessons now. I help students just like you every day! What would your life be like if English was not a limitation? ★ Would you be able to have conversations in English without getting stuck? ★ Would you be able to express your personality and be yourself in English? ★ Would you be able to understand fast English speakers? ★ Would you have more work options? ★ Would you be able to answer interview questions confidently? My lessons are perfect for you if: ★ You are worried that others won't understand your pronunciation. ★ You forget words and grammar when speaking. ★ You need to prepare for interviews and presentations. ★ You are an intermediate or advanced English learner. ★ You're thinking about living in Canada or the US, or moved there recently. ★ You are finding it difficult to understand and communicate with people in English. I've been helping English learners become more fluent and natural speakers for over ten years. My mission is to help you transcend your limitations in English and finally experience the progress that will help you achieve your dreams. Here's how you'll benefit from my lessons: ★ Gain the confidence to express yourself in English. ★ Learn real conversation and natural vocabulary. ★ Understand fast native English conversations. ★ Improve your pronunciation and reduce your accent. ★ Learn more about North American culture, how to connect with people. If you have moved to the US recently, I can help you learn the English you need to make new friends, communicate with colleagues, and adapt to the culture easily. I have limited hours available, so book your lessons now! If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to send me a message. I look forward to working with you! MORE ABOUT ME I'm a certified English teacher from Canada with over 10 years of experience. I'm also a writer. I write articles to help students achieve their goals in English. I've always loved traveling, so in 2012 I traveled to Europe and I lived and taught English in Italy, Spain and the Canary Islands for 5 years. I returned to Canada in 2017 and I now live in Victoria, a beautiful city in Western Canada, 2 hours away from Vancouver. I still travel when I can. I spent 3 months in Taiwan last year. And I fell in love with the country's beautiful nature, culture and people. When I first started teaching in 2010, I taught in classrooms. Like every other teacher, I used textbooks or lessons that I found online. Planning my classes was SO frustrating, because a lot of the books and learning websites taught a style of English that native speakers NEVER use in real life. 😑 I thought that if the lessons were boring for me to teach, of course they would be boring for my students, too! This inspired me to design my own lessons. I looked for short, recent videos, articles and blog posts that discuss interesting topics, and designed lessons around them. My students love them! They are excited to learn, are never bored, and experience incredible progress in just a few months. What's the secret to fluent and natural English? REAL, authentic and interesting materials! There's no other way. This way, you'll start to understand fast native speakers and improve your speaking quickly when you're learning naturally: using the new words and grammar to follow a real story or video, not just to learn a lot of boring rules! You’ll also learn how to use common words and expressions that traditional language schools NEVER teach you. Book your lessons today, and let me show you how you can finally speak English confidently and without stress!
Flag
English
globe
Canada
time
231
Speaks:
English
Native
,
Spanish
A2
,
Italian
A2
Become a more confident, fluent and natural English speaker! If you feel stuck in English, book your lessons now. I help students just like you every day! What would your life be like if English was not a limitation? ★ Would you be able to have conversations in English without getting stuck? ★ Would you be able to express your personality and be yourself in English? ★ Would you be able to understand fast English speakers? ★ Would you have more work options? ★ Would you be able to answer interview questions confidently? My lessons are perfect for you if: ★ You are worried that others won't understand your pronunciation. ★ You forget words and grammar when speaking. ★ You need to prepare for interviews and presentations. ★ You are an intermediate or advanced English learner. ★ You're thinking about living in Canada or the US, or moved there recently. ★ You are finding it difficult to understand and communicate with people in English. I've been helping English learners become more fluent and natural speakers for over ten years. My mission is to help you transcend your limitations in English and finally experience the progress that will help you achieve your dreams. Here's how you'll benefit from my lessons: ★ Gain the confidence to express yourself in English. ★ Learn real conversation and natural vocabulary. ★ Understand fast native English conversations. ★ Improve your pronunciation and reduce your accent. ★ Learn more about North American culture, how to connect with people. If you have moved to the US recently, I can help you learn the English you need to make new friends, communicate with colleagues, and adapt to the culture easily. I have limited hours available, so book your lessons now! If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to send me a message. I look forward to working with you! MORE ABOUT ME I'm a certified English teacher from Canada with over 10 years of experience. I'm also a writer. I write articles to help students achieve their goals in English. I've always loved traveling, so in 2012 I traveled to Europe and I lived and taught English in Italy, Spain and the Canary Islands for 5 years. I returned to Canada in 2017 and I now live in Victoria, a beautiful city in Western Canada, 2 hours away from Vancouver. I still travel when I can. I spent 3 months in Taiwan last year. And I fell in love with the country's beautiful nature, culture and people. When I first started teaching in 2010, I taught in classrooms. Like every other teacher, I used textbooks or lessons that I found online. Planning my classes was SO frustrating, because a lot of the books and learning websites taught a style of English that native speakers NEVER use in real life. 😑 I thought that if the lessons were boring for me to teach, of course they would be boring for my students, too! This inspired me to design my own lessons. I looked for short, recent videos, articles and blog posts that discuss interesting topics, and designed lessons around them. My students love them! They are excited to learn, are never bored, and experience incredible progress in just a few months. What's the secret to fluent and natural English? REAL, authentic and interesting materials! There's no other way. This way, you'll start to understand fast native speakers and improve your speaking quickly when you're learning naturally: using the new words and grammar to follow a real story or video, not just to learn a lot of boring rules! You’ll also learn how to use common words and expressions that traditional language schools NEVER teach you. Book your lessons today, and let me show you how you can finally speak English confidently and without stress!
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