Tips to Master Gerunds and Infinitives 3

Last week, we learned that we can use the gerund as a subject or as a complement in a sentence. We also looked at how we normally use the gerund after the verbs “miss, mind and practice”.

This week we’re going to learn how the meaning of a sentence changes when we use a gerund or an infinitive after some verbs. Let’s start with these examples:

  • "I remember locking the door."
  • "I remembered to lock the door."

These sentences have different meanings. So, what’s the difference between remember + gerund and remember + infinitive? Let’s find out.

Remember + Gerund

When we use the gerund after 'remember', we’re looking back in the past. Let’s look at this in context to understand it better.

Suppose my roommate says to me:

  • Alex: "The door wasn't locked when I came back home today! Why did you leave it open?"
  • Me: "That's strange because I remember locking it."
  • (I remember that I locked the door. I have a memory of it that I'm playing in my head.)

Remember + Infinitive

When we use the infinitive after 'remember', we’re looking into the future. Let’s look at this in context again:

  • Me: "That's strange because I remember locking it."
  • Alex: "I guess you forgot. Can you please remember to lock it next time?"
Tip: when we ask someone to remember to do something, we use the infinitive. For example:

  • "Remember to call your mom!"

Let’s look at some more examples of remember + gerund:

  • "I still remember buying my first bike."
  • "She remembers being shy when she was younger."
  • "I remember telling you this before."
  • "How did she get into the house? I don’t remember giving her a key!"

And here are some more examples of remember + infinitive:

  • "I hope she remembers to buy coffee."
  • "If you see them, remember to say hello from me."
  • "Thank you for remembering to bring my passport!"
  • "It’s a good thing we remembered to bring the tickets."


We use the gerund after the verbs keep, finish and imagine.

1. keep + gerund
  • "She keeps losing her keys."
  • "I hate that they keep telling me what to do."
  • "If you keep practicing, you'll get better."
2. finish + gerund
  • "Did you finish reading the book?"
  • "I'm waiting for them to finish eating."
  • "Call me when you finish working."
3. imagine + gerund
  • "She can't imagine working anywhere else."
  • "He can't imagine living with them."
  • "Can you imagine traveling for a year?"


We use the infinitive after the verbs refuse, hesitate, and pretend.

1. refuse + infinitive
  • "She refused to answer any of my questions."
  • "They refused to let him stay in the country."
  • "He keeps refusing to help her."
2. hesitate + infinitive
  • "They hesitated to tell him what happened."
  • "Don't hesitate to call me if you need me."
  • "She hesitated to take the job at the company."
3. pretend + infinitive
  • "They pretend to understand, but they don't."
  • "He knows nothing but he pretends to know everything."
  • "She's pretending to be asleep."
September 5, 2018
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Sama Alkhalili

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Become a more confident, fluent and natural English speaker! If you feel stuck in English, book your lessons now. I help students just like you every day! What would your life be like if English was not a limitation? ★ Would you be able to have conversations in English without getting stuck? ★ Would you be able to express your personality and be yourself in English? ★ Would you be able to understand fast English speakers? ★ Would you have more work options? ★ Would you be able to answer interview questions confidently? My lessons are perfect for you if: ★ You are worried that others won't understand your pronunciation. ★ You forget words and grammar when speaking. ★ You need to prepare for interviews and presentations. ★ You are an intermediate or advanced English learner. ★ You're thinking about living in Canada or the US, or moved there recently. ★ You are finding it difficult to understand and communicate with people in English. I've been helping English learners become more fluent and natural speakers for over ten years. My mission is to help you transcend your limitations in English and finally experience the progress that will help you achieve your dreams. Here's how you'll benefit from my lessons: ★ Gain the confidence to express yourself in English. ★ Learn real conversation and natural vocabulary. ★ Understand fast native English conversations. ★ Improve your pronunciation and reduce your accent. ★ Learn more about North American culture, how to connect with people. If you have moved to the US recently, I can help you learn the English you need to make new friends, communicate with colleagues, and adapt to the culture easily. I have limited hours available, so book your lessons now! If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to send me a message. I look forward to working with you! MORE ABOUT ME I'm a certified English teacher from Canada with over 10 years of experience. I'm also a writer. I write articles to help students achieve their goals in English. I've always loved traveling, so in 2012 I traveled to Europe and I lived and taught English in Italy, Spain and the Canary Islands for 5 years. I returned to Canada in 2017 and I now live in Victoria, a beautiful city in Western Canada, 2 hours away from Vancouver. I still travel when I can. I spent 3 months in Taiwan last year. And I fell in love with the country's beautiful nature, culture and people. When I first started teaching in 2010, I taught in classrooms. Like every other teacher, I used textbooks or lessons that I found online. Planning my classes was SO frustrating, because a lot of the books and learning websites taught a style of English that native speakers NEVER use in real life. 😑 I thought that if the lessons were boring for me to teach, of course they would be boring for my students, too! This inspired me to design my own lessons. I looked for short, recent videos, articles and blog posts that discuss interesting topics, and designed lessons around them. My students love them! They are excited to learn, are never bored, and experience incredible progress in just a few months. What's the secret to fluent and natural English? REAL, authentic and interesting materials! There's no other way. This way, you'll start to understand fast native speakers and improve your speaking quickly when you're learning naturally: using the new words and grammar to follow a real story or video, not just to learn a lot of boring rules! You’ll also learn how to use common words and expressions that traditional language schools NEVER teach you. Book your lessons today, and let me show you how you can finally speak English confidently and without stress!
Flag
English
globe
Canada
time
231
Speaks:
English
Native
,
Spanish
A2
,
Italian
A2
Become a more confident, fluent and natural English speaker! If you feel stuck in English, book your lessons now. I help students just like you every day! What would your life be like if English was not a limitation? ★ Would you be able to have conversations in English without getting stuck? ★ Would you be able to express your personality and be yourself in English? ★ Would you be able to understand fast English speakers? ★ Would you have more work options? ★ Would you be able to answer interview questions confidently? My lessons are perfect for you if: ★ You are worried that others won't understand your pronunciation. ★ You forget words and grammar when speaking. ★ You need to prepare for interviews and presentations. ★ You are an intermediate or advanced English learner. ★ You're thinking about living in Canada or the US, or moved there recently. ★ You are finding it difficult to understand and communicate with people in English. I've been helping English learners become more fluent and natural speakers for over ten years. My mission is to help you transcend your limitations in English and finally experience the progress that will help you achieve your dreams. Here's how you'll benefit from my lessons: ★ Gain the confidence to express yourself in English. ★ Learn real conversation and natural vocabulary. ★ Understand fast native English conversations. ★ Improve your pronunciation and reduce your accent. ★ Learn more about North American culture, how to connect with people. If you have moved to the US recently, I can help you learn the English you need to make new friends, communicate with colleagues, and adapt to the culture easily. I have limited hours available, so book your lessons now! If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to send me a message. I look forward to working with you! MORE ABOUT ME I'm a certified English teacher from Canada with over 10 years of experience. I'm also a writer. I write articles to help students achieve their goals in English. I've always loved traveling, so in 2012 I traveled to Europe and I lived and taught English in Italy, Spain and the Canary Islands for 5 years. I returned to Canada in 2017 and I now live in Victoria, a beautiful city in Western Canada, 2 hours away from Vancouver. I still travel when I can. I spent 3 months in Taiwan last year. And I fell in love with the country's beautiful nature, culture and people. When I first started teaching in 2010, I taught in classrooms. Like every other teacher, I used textbooks or lessons that I found online. Planning my classes was SO frustrating, because a lot of the books and learning websites taught a style of English that native speakers NEVER use in real life. 😑 I thought that if the lessons were boring for me to teach, of course they would be boring for my students, too! This inspired me to design my own lessons. I looked for short, recent videos, articles and blog posts that discuss interesting topics, and designed lessons around them. My students love them! They are excited to learn, are never bored, and experience incredible progress in just a few months. What's the secret to fluent and natural English? REAL, authentic and interesting materials! There's no other way. This way, you'll start to understand fast native speakers and improve your speaking quickly when you're learning naturally: using the new words and grammar to follow a real story or video, not just to learn a lot of boring rules! You’ll also learn how to use common words and expressions that traditional language schools NEVER teach you. Book your lessons today, and let me show you how you can finally speak English confidently and without stress!
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