Vocabulary to talk about THE ENVIRONMENT in the IELTS exam

8 vocabulary words with sample sentences to talk about the environment

The environment is a common topic in IELTS Speaking. Today’s lesson gives you some helpful vocabulary to prepare for this theme in the exam. Please note that the sample answers are given just to demonstrate the vocabulary in use. You should never give one-sentence answers in the exam.

You can find other blog posts in this series right here!

To go green (idiom)
To adopt an environmentally friendly lifestyle

Examiner: Do you do anything to help the environment?
My family has decided TO GO GREEN by recycling all our waste and no longer using plastic bags.


Endangered (adjective)
animals or plants in danger of becoming extinct or disappearing in the near future

Examiner: What are some of the biggest environmental problems that we face?
For me, the most serious issue is the extinction of animals. Many species, such as the Sumatran tiger, are ENDANGERED, and this is a real cause of concern.  


Energy-efficient (adjective)
able to use less energy (esp. of vehicles, appliances, buildings, etc.)

Examiner: Does your family do anything to save energy in the home?
Yes, we buy ENERGY-EFFICIENT light bulbs and we are very serious about recycling. We try to conserve water during summer and avoid taking long showers.


fossil fuel (noun)
a fuel like oil or coal formed from very old plant and animal fossils

Examiner: How can we improve air-quality in our cities?
Well, it’s not easy to fix this issue because of our over-reliance on cars and the presence of large factories. We should use public transportation as much as possible and reduce the use of FOSSIL FUELS, such as coal.


renewable energy (noun)
can be used without running out, esp. of energy sources like solar and wind

Examiner: What changes can you see happening in the future that will help the environment?
In my opinion, a big change, and the most important one, will be an increase in the use of RENEWABLE ENERGY. I think solar panels are going to become cheaper and most households will probably be able to afford them.


Carbon footprint (noun)
a measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide that a person or organization produces

Examiner: What are some ways in which we can help the environment?
Well, for one, we can use energy-efficient products in the home and the workplace. These days we have the technology to help the environment so we really should use it. Also, we need to ban the use of fossil fuels, reduce our CARBON FOOTPRINT and focus more on renewable energy.


Environmentalist (noun)
A person who is concerned about protecting the environment.

Examiner: Do you think governments can do more to protect the environment?
Absolutely, they could offer more funding to environmental programs and support ENVIRONMENTALISTS who are trying to raise awareness of certain issues.


To contaminate (verb)
to make a place or substance dirty or harmful by putting something such as chemicals in it 

Examiner: Do you agree that factories should take most of the responsibility for environmental damage?
Well, yes and no. They have been responsible for CONTAMINATING rivers and the air, but I think that individuals are just as guilty. We all need to take responsibility.


I hope that vocabulary is useful for you! Please leave any comments or questions below!

August 26, 2019
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Padraic Cummane

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I'm Padraic and I'm an English language trainer from Ireland. I have been teaching university students and business professionals since 2009! I now teach full-time online while also running my own blog and website called PJC English. I have helped hundreds of students to improve their fluency, pass job interviews and improve their IELTS band score!! I go the extra mile to ensure that you improve your English! ★ MA Adult Learning / BA English Literature / TEFL ★ Specialize in Business English, IELTS Speaking Prep and English Job Interview. ★ Focus on building confidence, fluency and accuracy. ★ Practical, engaging teaching materials Book your trial lesson today!!! About my Classes Business English Lessons based on practical business situations and designed around your individual needs. Learn vocabulary and language structures specifically for the world of business and the modern international workplace. I have business materials for professionals of all backgrounds. IELTS Learn how the exam is assessed and graded and practice with sample test papers. Improve your range of vocabulary and grammar, and develop your test-taking skills. Job Interview Prepare for all kinds of interview questions with expert interview advice and feedback. English Conversation Coaching Build confidence, Improve common errors, expand and retain vocabulary, reduce your accent and correct your pronunciation. About Me ★ Highly-organized, professional teacher with a patient, compassionate teaching style. ★ Excellent communication and motivation skills. I will help you to feel more confident about your English. ★ English Coaching available. I will advise and guide you through your language journey. Your learning does not stop at the end of the class! ★ Experience with students from Korea, China, Europe. Middle East and Latin America. ★ Run my own blog and website with useful, practical English learning materials. www. pjcenglish.com
Flag
English
globe
Ireland
time
197
Speaks:
Spanish
B1
I'm Padraic and I'm an English language trainer from Ireland. I have been teaching university students and business professionals since 2009! I now teach full-time online while also running my own blog and website called PJC English. I have helped hundreds of students to improve their fluency, pass job interviews and improve their IELTS band score!! I go the extra mile to ensure that you improve your English! ★ MA Adult Learning / BA English Literature / TEFL ★ Specialize in Business English, IELTS Speaking Prep and English Job Interview. ★ Focus on building confidence, fluency and accuracy. ★ Practical, engaging teaching materials Book your trial lesson today!!! About my Classes Business English Lessons based on practical business situations and designed around your individual needs. Learn vocabulary and language structures specifically for the world of business and the modern international workplace. I have business materials for professionals of all backgrounds. IELTS Learn how the exam is assessed and graded and practice with sample test papers. Improve your range of vocabulary and grammar, and develop your test-taking skills. Job Interview Prepare for all kinds of interview questions with expert interview advice and feedback. English Conversation Coaching Build confidence, Improve common errors, expand and retain vocabulary, reduce your accent and correct your pronunciation. About Me ★ Highly-organized, professional teacher with a patient, compassionate teaching style. ★ Excellent communication and motivation skills. I will help you to feel more confident about your English. ★ English Coaching available. I will advise and guide you through your language journey. Your learning does not stop at the end of the class! ★ Experience with students from Korea, China, Europe. Middle East and Latin America. ★ Run my own blog and website with useful, practical English learning materials. www. pjcenglish.com