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Korean Grammar (~는/은 and ~를/을)

13 days ago
는 or 은
This is placed after a word to indicate that it is the subject of a sentence. Use 는 when the last letter of the last syllable of the subject is a vowel. For example: 나 = 나는 저 = 저는
Use 은 when the last letter of the last syllable of the subject is a consonant. For example: 집 = 집은 책 = 책은


를 or 을 (Object)
This is placed after a word to indicate that is the object of a sentence. Use 를 when the last letter of the last syllable is a vowel. For example: 나 = 나를 저 = 저를
Use을 when the last letter of the last syllable is a consonant. For example: 집 = 집을 책 = 책을

We can now make sentences using the Korean sentence structure and the Korean particles.

1) I speak Korean = I는 Korean을 speak 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) 을 is attached to “Korean” (the object)

2) I like you = I는 you를 like 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) 를 is attached to “you” (the object)

3) I wrote a letter = I는 letter을 wrote 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) 을 is attached to “letter” (the object)

4) I opened the door = I는 door을 opened 는 is attached to “I” (the subject) 을 is attached to “the door” (the object)

5) My mom will make pasta = My mom은 pasta를 will make 은 is attached to “my mom” (the subject) 를 is attached to “pasta” (the object)


The same could be done for sentences with adjectives. However, remember that sentences with adjectives will not have an object:

1) My girlfriend is pretty: My girlfriend은 is pretty “은” is attached to “my girlfriend” (the subject)

2) The movie was scary = The movie는 was scary “는” is attached to “the movie” (the subject)