You may have heard about the Linking Verbs in English such as:
appear, be, become, feel, get, go, grow, look, prove, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn. These verbs are often followed by adjectives instead of adverbs in English.
🔴But not in Russian!
In Russian we use adverbs instead. 🤔 Most common adverbs in Russian end in -o, replacing -ый/-ий/-ой adjective endings.
🔹You look good. - Ты выглядишь хорошо. (not хороший)
(In English the word good is an adjective because it’s used after to look which is a linking verb. Please use adverbs in Russian after such verbs.)
📌 We use adverbs to say how somebody/something looks, feels, sounds, tastes or smells:
🔹 I feel good. - Я чувствую себя хорошо. (not хороший)
🔹 I feel bad. - Я чувствую себя плохо. (not плохой) Мне плохо. (a common expression)
🔹 It sounds great! - Звучит отлично/великолепно! (not отличный/великолепный)
📌 We also use adverbs when we talk about the weather:
(“is” is the present tense of the verb “to be”, which is a linking verb in English)
🔹It is cloudy. - Облачно. (not облачный)
🔹It is sunny. - Солнечно. (not солнечный)
Compare the two English sentences:
🔹He sings well but he feels bad about his singing.
(to sing is not a linking verb but to feel is. That’s why after to sing you have to use an adverb but after to feel you just use an adjective)
🔹She looks good but she behaves terribly.
(to look is a linking verb, so you have to use an adjective after it but to behave is not so we used an adverb ending in -ly)
In both sentences we have to use adverbs in Russian.
🔹It’s cool. - Круто!
🔹Wonderful! - Чудесно!
🔹Beautiful! - Прекрасно!
🔹OK! - Хорошо! Ладно!
🔹Overcast. - Пасмурно
🔹Foggy. - Туманно. У нас сегодня туманно. - It's foggy here today.
🔹It smells good. - Пахнет хорошо.
🔹It’s very tasty! - Очень вкусно!
Thank you for reading! 🙂
Please feel free to ask questions in the comments or BOOK A SESSION with me if you think you need a more detailed explanation and/or practice.
Happy learning! 🙂